Turmeric root, also known as Curcuma longa, is a perennial herb native to tropical regions of southern Asia. The root of the plant is used for medicinal and culinary purposes. Turmeric is known for its high content of curcumin, a compound with potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It has been traditionally used to help reduce symptoms of pain, particularly in the joints, and to help reduce symptoms of arthritis and rheumatism, it is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. It also believed to have potential benefits for improving brain function, heart health, and fighting against certain types of cancer. Turmeric is also traditionally used to help improve digestive health and to help reduce symptoms of bloating, gas, and indigestion, it is believed to have carminative properties.